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Biotechnology....Aviation...AIEEE  (Engineering Entrance) 2008- 10th January 2008...


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BIOTECHNOLOGY      It is really wonderful that today, man has developed vaccines and medicines that are able to treat diseases which had been life-threatening till recently.  Man has also developed seeds for high-yielding crops, which would wipe out the scourge of hunger from the face of the Earth very soon. All this has been possible with the help of  Biotechnology.  Biotechnology is the branch of science that deals with the study of direct manipulation of biological life at a fundamental level  to produce substances useful to human beings. The job a biotechnologist is to apply scientific and engineering principles and practices in the fields of agriculture, animal husbandry, healthcare, industry, aquaculture, etc.,  This is an emerging discipline, and with the setting up of numerous biotech companies, you will be flooded jobs that offer higher returns. Biotech Industry in India has reported revenues of more than $1 billion in 2005-06.  This huge leap has encouraged the Union Government, which has prepared a draft biotech strategy that envisages a $ 5 billion industry in three years.  One can now perceive that Biotechnology definitely is sure to take a quantum leap in the next few years and you will have a secure future, if you study biotechnology now.  You should opt for a course in Biotechnology if you are interested to help mankind lead a better life-free from diseases, pollution and hunger.

Biotechnology is a combination of Biology and Technology which makes it a research-oriented science.  It can be defined as an applied science which aims to provide useful products and services with the help of biological processes.  Biotechnology is the use of living organisms or other biological systems in the manufacture of drugs or other products or for environmental management, as in waste management, as in waste recycling.  It includes the use of bioreactors in manufacturing micro-organisms to degrade oil slicks or organic waste, genetically engineered bacteria to produce human hormones, and monoclonal antibodies to identify antigens.  The discipline of Biotechnology covers a wide variety of subjects like Genetics, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Immunology, Virology, Chemistry and Engineering.  It is also concerned with many other subjects like Health & Medicine, Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Cropping System and Crop Management, Ecology, Cell Biology, Soil Science and Soil Conversation, Bio-Statistics, Plant Physiology, Seed Technology, etc., The development of products and processes, technologies, whose large scale application in the sectors of health, agriculture, aquaculture, animal resources development, energy, industry, forests, and environment results in immense benefits to mankind and society, is the basic objective of Biotechnology.  The various applications of Biotechnology include developing various medicines, vaccines and diagnostics, increasing productivity and improving energy production and conservation.  Biotechnology finds application in healthcare (genetics and pharmacy), food processing, chemical industry and textile industry. It also finds application in agriculture, environmental and industrial sectors.  Scientists and researchers have been able to develop new varieties of seeds, pesticides, livestock breeds and industrial enzymes with the help of Biotechnology. It has, thus, provided solutions to a wide spectrum of activities, and today finds application in every aspect of life.  Globally Biotechnology finds considerable investment in the healthcare sector.  In order to ensure food and nutritional security, considerable   efforts have been put in research and development in Biotechnology.  A technology for the scale-up of our low-cost nutrients and foods has been standardized under  the food biotechnology initiatives.  Disease resistant, stress tolerant and high-yielding varieties of  plants are being improved through Agricultural Biotechnology.  Pollution problems are being controlled through Environmental Biotechnology.  production of Amino acids, cellulose hydrolysis in paper processing, food processing, diagnostics    and bioassays to fabric processing are being done   with the help of Enzyme Biotechnology.  Plants with potential in therapeutic benefits are being developed with the use of Biotechnology, because of commercial demands for herbal products in global markets.  It is only with the help of Biotechnology that vaccines for several diseases afflicting livestock and diagnostic kits for farm animal healthcare are being developed.  Animal breeding has also improved with Biotechnology's intervention in the arena of animal husbandry.  Biochemicals and biotech products able to replace chemicals; new ways of influencing raw material processing; development of potent antibiotics-all these have been made possible with the help of Biotechnology.  Thus Biotechnology finds application in all aspects of life and hence is the science of the future.  To discover a cure for a deadly disease, to introduce methods to check pollution or to help farmers by inventing ways to solve soil problems -the answer to all these lies in the multifaceted discipline of Biotechnology.  As per a report by Ernst & Young, India stands out as one of the major emerging forces in the world of biotech with tremendous potential to become a key player in the Asia-Pacific region. The repot also recognizes India as a 'notable area for biotech  expansion' and Asia as a flourishing and enlarging hub for biotech research and development.  A major consulting firm Frost and Sullivan reveals in a report that "the world has now woken up to the fact  that India is a country that cannot be ignored while plotting the landscape of Biotechnology industry."  The draft biotech strategy planned by the Government has tried to take an over-all look at the current situation and has also suggested several measures to promote innovation and manufacturing.  The declared goals are to set stage for the world-class  human capital, build quality infrastructure and address basic needs of the society.

Eligibility :   The minimum eligibility criteria for   pursuing a Bachelor's degree course in Biotechnology (B.Tech or B.Sc.,) is the successful completion of 10+2 in science. Successful completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Biotechnology is the minimum eligibility criteria required to do a master's Degree in Bio-Technology.  In order to do a Ph.D. in bio-technology, one needs to have completed one's Master's Degree in Biotechnology. It is ideal to clear the CSIR-UGS JRF examination in order to pursue a doctoral research in Biotechnology.  One can start studying Biochemistry, even as early as in school.  Biotechnology, even as early as   in school. Biotechnology, as a subject, is offered in XI class in over 500 schools in the country.

Institutes offering Biotechnology Course (indicative only)

Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar - 608002, Tamilnadu email:       website:

Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Department of Biotechnology, Indore-452001, Madhya Pradesh     email:                      website:

Goa University, Department of Marine Sciences, Panjim, Goa-403206 email:  website:

Guru Jambheswar University of Science & Technology, Hissar-125001 Haryana Ph. 01662-31192, 31225, website:

Guru Govinda Singh Indraprastha University, Kashmere Gate, New Delhi-110006 website:

Indian Institute of Technology Hauz Khas, New Delhi-110016 Website:

Jawaharlal Nehru University**, New Mehrauli Road, New Delhi-110067 Website: 

Madurai Kamaraj University, School of Biotech, Madurai-625021, Tamilnadu website:

Punjab University, Chandigarh-160014 website:

Punjabi University, Patiala-147002, Punjab, Website:

Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, Website:    

University of Allahabad, Allahabad, Uttara Pradesh website: 

University of Calcutta, Dr. B.C. Guha Centre for Engineering and Biotechnology,35,Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata-700019 West Bengal. Website:

University of Calicut, Kozhikode-673635, Kerala Ph. 0494-2400288, Fax: 0494-2400269 website:
University of Delhi, University Road, New Delhi -110007 University of Hyderabad, School of Life Sciences, Hyderabad-500046 Andhra Pradesh. Website:
University of Kashmir, Biotech Department, Hazrathbal, Srinagar-190006 Jammu & Kashmir Website: University of Pune, Bioinformatics Centre, Ganeshkhind Road, Pune-411007, Maharashtra, website:

COURSES   Various Universities across the country offer courses in Biotechnology like Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) and Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.,).  The Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) in New Delhi offers a two-year M.Sc., course in Biotechnology.  Entrance examinations for this course are conducted at various centres across the country.  One can pursue a course in Biotechnology in over 40 institutions across the country which consider the scores of this entrance examination.  One can get admission in the Centre for Biotechnology at the JNU only if one is ranked among the top 90 students qualifying in this examination.  Postgraduate courses, with Biotechnology as their focus, are available in over 60 premier institutions, universities and Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) across the country.  Postgraduate courses in Biotechnology are offered at the Indian Institutes of Technology at Roorkee (Uttarakhand) and Mumbai (Maharashtra). These courses are offered by a joint initiative between the Department of Biotechnology and the University Grants Commission.  Scientists who are in the middle of their careers also have the option of availing several regular short-term courses and training programmes apart from doctoral and post-doctoral courses.   PROSPECTS: Biotechnology is a booming industry.  A survey by FICCI reveals that the shortage of doctorate and post-doctorate scientists in Biotechnology field is around 80 percent.  A student with a professional degree in Biotechnology is sure to find a good job that offers a sumptuous remuneration. One will be able to get employment in MNCs (multi national companies) as well as in domestic Indian companies.  The Department of Biotechnology was established in India in 1986 which signalled the recognition of Biotechnology as an important branch of study in the country.  Department of Biotechnology, Indian Council o of Agricultural Research, Department of Atomic Energy, Indian council of Medical Research, and the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research are some of the governmental agencies and academic institutions involved in Research & Development activities in Biotechnology. One can also become an entrepreneur by setting up a biotech company of one's own.  Today, India boasts of more than 150 biotech companies. REMUNERATION: Even freshers would get a lucrative remuneration in this field.   A salary ranging in between Rs. 3.5 lakhs and Rs. 4 lakhs per annum is offered in the Intellectual Property Rights Division, where one begins one's career as a research associate.               Combined Entrance Examination of Jawaharlal Nehru University: Eligibility: Bachelor's Degree under 10+2+3 pattern of education in Biological, Agricultural, Veterinary and Fishery Sciences, Pharmacy, Engineering/Technology; 4 year B.S. (Physicians Assistant) course; or MBBS/BDS with atleast 55% marks.  Students who are due to appear in these qualifying examinations are also eligible  for appearing in the entrance examination. Courses: Two-year M.Sc. Programme in Biotechnology.  The entrance examinations are held at over 62 centres across the country in the month of May every year.  A number of institutes/universities across the country grant admission to courses in Biotechnology on the basis of scores this examination.                                                                                                                                        (Courtesy- Competition Success Review).

  In today's fast developing technological world with growing industrialisation modernisation Aviation holds a prominent place both as an industrial sector and as a career stream for young and dashing aspirants looking forward to a bright future.  Aviation can be defined as the designing, building and flying of aircraft. With  the revolution in Aviation sector, there are tremendous openings in various careers in Aviation. With the inclusion of privatisation in Aviation sector, many private airlines have launched their services in the country.  Aviation sector has opened avenues for Pilots, Co-Pilots, Aircraft Maintenance Engineers, Cabin Crew, Technicians and Ground Duty Service Officers. In 2003-04, India had only three domestic airlines with 123 commercial jets. But today, the scenario has changed. In 2007-08, there are around 310 aircrafts and the fleet is expected to increase up to 632 by 2011-12.  The experts of the Aviation sector have estimated that the aviation jobs would grow at 35 percent a year.   The saga of privatisation in Aviation sector itself tells the whole story.   IndiGo, a Delhi-based airline, registered its entry in 2006 but has frequently picked the pace and built a reputation by offering a decent alternative by keeping things simple and affordable. Another Delhi-based airline, Spicejet, is among the better-managed budget carriers and boasts of almost 10 percent market share. The airline raised Rs. 363 crore in February 2007 from its investors which include the Tata Group and Goldman Sachs.  Paramount Airways, a South Indian airline, flies all across the southern part of India but has now planned to expand its wings in West and the North.  The booming industry of Aviation offers diverse career choices. If a person has a scientific bent of mind, he can opt for a career as a Pilot, Aircraft Maintenance Engineer, etc., and if a person is good at communication and interpersonal skills, she/he can consider a career as a Air Hostess or a Flight Steward.  The major areas of careers in Aviation industry are: PILOT/CO-PILOT: The job of a Pilot/Co-Pilot is very challenging as well as rewarding.  There are three licenses, which one  has to acquire to become a pilot- Student's Pilot License (SPL), Private Pilot License (PPL), or the Hobby License and Commercial Pilot License (CPL).  The Student's Pilot License is the first stage of training. SPLs are issued by 23 flying clubs in India.  You have to clear an objective written examination, which tests basic mathematics knowledge of the aircraft, engines and aerodynamics. The test is worth hundred marks and the students have to score at least 75 to pass the SPL examination.  A manual providing sample questions and answers to give an idea about the examinations is issued by the flying clubs.  The SPL examination is held every month allover India by the flying clubs.  In addition, the Director General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) conducts an examination and issues license for Assistant Flight Radio Telephone Operators (AFR-TO).  There is no age limit to acquire a SPL.  The second stage, the Private Pilot License (PPL), comprises 60 hours of flying (40 hours with flying instructor & 20 hours solo) after rigorous training under the flying instructor. Along with flying (practical) training, you also have to complete a theory curriculum and clear a written examination.  This examination tests the student's knowledge about aircraft engines, air navigation, aviation meteorology and seamanship. This examination is conducted by DGCA. This course generally takes two years to complete and makes you eligible for the PPL. Depending upon the availability of a flying instructor and weather conditions, the period of training may vary.  For the third stage, the Commercial Pilot License (CPL), a minimum of 250 hours of flying (including 60 hours of PPL ) is necessary.  To get CPL, you need to have the experience of200 hours of solo flying. In addition, you have to clear a written examination consisting of subjects like Air Regulations, Aviation Meteorology, Air Navigation, Technical Planning and Communications in Radio and wireless Transmission. Further, you have to undergo a medical fitness test conducted by a team of doctors approved by the DGCA and the Central Medical Establishment (CME) of the Air force Unit.  The average period of training for commercial pilot is one year.  In India, the PPL and CPL training is carried out with the help of single engine aircrafts like Cessna and the Pushpak. The acquisition of a CPL is not sufficient. Before you can fly a domestic flight, you must gain experience of minimum 15 hours of solo flying in a multi-engine Aircraft.  The pilots after acquiring the CPL, get trained at Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh) with Indian Airlines. The duration of this training is six months to perfect the technical know-how and flying skills.  The fee of flying per hour is different for the various flying clubs across different States due to variations in the operational costs. For example, a training at Karnal (Haryana) would cost Rs. 2,800/- per flying hour compared to Rs. 3,720/- for Cessna in Delhi. On an average, total cost of getting trained as a pilot is about Rs. 10 lakh to Rs. 11 lakh in India.  If you have been trained abroad and intend to work in India, you are required to take examination called Composite Written Examination conducted by DGCA. Besides, you have to appear for a one hour day and night flying each, under the Chief Flying Instructor.  There is un urgency for the recruitment of pilots as the aircrafts are increasing in number day by day.  As per the statistics, the country would need 15,000 pilots by 2020. Kingfisher would require 100 pilots as the fleet of aircrafts would get triple to 100 2012. Air-India would need 950pilotsforits newly acquired 68 Boeings.  Air-India and Kingfisher are training pilots through a cadet programme to meet their long-term requirements. Air-India has hired 150 cadet pilots who would join as captains in 6-12 months after they complete their training. Aptitude: There are certain attributes to be a Pilot.  First of all, one should not be afraid of heights and should have passion to fly those machines.  One should possess a good coordination of mind and limbs.  The ability to remain calm under any circumstance and apply theoretical knowledge into practice while flying is very important.  A Pilot has to be quick thinker as he is the one who is responsible for the lives of many.  One should have patience, commitment, responsibility and self-confidence. A lot of hard work, stamina, adaptability to follow difficult time schedules, good team spirit etc., are also required in an aspirant. Most importantly, one must have emotional stability in crisis situations. Eligibility: To become a Pilot/Co-Pilot, one should have the license of SPL for which matriculation and 16 years of age is prescribed for appearing for the test. To get a CPL one should have passed 10+2 examination with Physics and Mathematics and must be between the age of 18-30 years.  The minimum height should be5 feet and eyesight 6/6.  Remuneration: Sky is the limit for hard working people in Aviation. A trainee Pilot or Co-Pilot can get a starting salary of about Rs. 60,000-Rs.70,000.  In about 2-3 years, after flying 2,000 - 3,000 hours, one can become a flight Commander.  A senior commander gets a salary of Rs. 4lakh - Rs. 5 lakh pr month.  The training of a Pilot abroad can cost Rs. 16- 20 lakh but this amount can be recovered in a few years as the salary is very high for Pilots.  A Pilot can earn more depending on the experience, company and the kind of Planes they fly.  The Expatriate Pilots can get  a handsome amount between $9,500 to $11,000 (for new wide-bodied aircrafts). AIR HOSTESS/FLIGHT STEWARD: The trouble free, comfortable and safe journey of a passenger is of prime importance to the Aviation sector. In this regard it is an Air Hostess/Flight Steward whose role becomes really crucial as they are the first one to welcome passengers abroad an aircraft.  Their efficiency and effectiveness are critical factors to any airline's growth. They help the passengers to find their seats and put cabin luggage in the luggage chambers.  They give instructions to the passengers about how to operate the air flow system, knobs above one's seat and how to call them in time of need. Their job also includes giving instructions to the passengers on how to use safety measures during crisis, catering foods and drinks to the passengers and answering passengers' inquiries on facilities and services. They are supposed to provide First Aid to passengers  who feel sick. Above all, keeping an eye on comfort of passengers like adjusting seat inclination, setting pillow under someone's head, helping passengers in time of crisis like emergency landing, crash landing, etc. to cope with the situation and disembark fast from aircraft, etc., are also an art of Air Hostess/Flight Steward's job.  By the count, the various airlines in the country have almost 10,207 Cabin Crew members in 2007-08 and the number is expected to grow to almost 20,284 by 2011-12.  Aptitude: To be an Air Hostess or a Flight Steward, one should have common sense, sense of responsibility, initiative quality, friendly outgoing personality, politeness, physical stamina and the capacity to work for long hours on the feet.  The ability to react quickly in time of emergency, presence of mind, systematic approach, unruffled appearance, a well-modulated pleasant voice and a proportionate figure with a graceful carriage are the important traits required in an Airhostess or a Flight Steward. The selection of cabin crew is based on round of interviews in groups and individual but ultimately, medical fitness cannot be ignored in the selection.  Eligibility: The educational qualification for an Air Hostess/Flight Steward training programme is 10+2 or a graduate degree with a diploma/degree in Hotel Management or Tourism Management. The aspirants must be eligible to hold an Indian Passport and should be below twenty-five years of age with proportionate weight.  Further, one must be unmarried, with normal eyesight of 6/6 increased vision in each eye.  Fluency in English, Hindi and knowledge of an international language is an added advantage.   Selection Procedure: The applicant should be physically fit with a pleasing personality and clear complexion.  After the initial screening of applicants is completed. the airline company call them a written examination, usually of the objective type (multiple choice). Those who qualify in the written examination have to appear for a group discussion followed by a personal interview of successful candidates. If selected, applicant will be on training for two to three months in which one can learn about service grooming, safety and first aid, after which one is initially put on trainee flights. Flight Training: The flight training covers several topics, each of which deals with technical or non-technical aspects of the aircraft.  Beginning with the history of aviation, the candidates are made to learn in-flight service, passenger handling, passenger psychology, service of meals on the aircraft, the art of conversation, transactional analysis, emergency evacuation system, personal grooming and hygiene, First Aid, confidence building, handling of visually impaired passengers, making announcements, emergency demonstration, etc.  Prospectus: There is a great demand for Air Hostesses/Flight Stewards in the Aviation sector. They can find employment with private owned domestic and international airlines namely Singapore Airlines, Jet Airways, etc, and government air services like Air-India.  Flight Purser: After three to five years, depending upon your performance, Flight Steward/Air Hostess is eligible to become a Flight Purser. Your responsibilities increase as you take over the charge of the Cabin Crew onboard. Salaries generally get double up.  Ground Job: You can join here directly or after having served on the flight for long, you can opt for ground jobs in sections like staff-training and human resource management in the corporate office.  Remuneration: The  Cabin Crew can get upto Rs.40,000 per month for domestic flights whereas upto Rs. 1,50,000 for international flights on wide-bodied aircrafts.  The ground staff can also earn Rs. 20,000- to Rs. 30,000/- per month. AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE ENGINEER: The Aircraft Maintenance Engineers play a stellar role in Aviation sector as they are the ones who ensure that the aircraft is in a perfect condition before take-off.  An engineer needs to be completely focused on safety as the casual attitude can pose a danger to the lives  of people on board.  The Aircraft Engineer has to certify the aircraft fit for release.  The job ensures the availability of safe aircraft at the best possible cost.  The Engineering and Maintenance department of an airline performs scheduled and unscheduled tasks, leading to restoration of the expected airworthiness.  The job includes diagnostic and mechanical duties covering maintenance, repair, trouble shooting and overhaul, in addition to performing inspection and modification on an aircraft.  Aptitude: An Aircraft Maintenance Engineer, at times, has to work under stringent conditions, tough deadlines and harsh weather in difficult locations.  To overcome all this, one should be logical, focused and have perseverance.  Eligibility: The basic and minimum qualification required to be an Aircraft Maintenance Engineer is a Senior School Certificate with Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics as main subjects.  Candidates are required to undergo a 3 year certificate course on aircraft maintenance engineering, conducted by various training schools approved by the Director-General of Civil Aviation. Candidates also need to undergo structured aircraft type course in the mechanical or avionics stream and obtain regulatory licenses or approvals on a type of aircraft.  Candidates need an engineering degree for career in support services in technical services, engineering planning quality assurance and logistics. Courses on structured aircraft type maintenance are also desirable.  Remuneration: An Aircraft Maintenance Engineer can get upto Rs. 1,00,000/- as per his job profile and work experience.  OTHER JOBS: Flight and Ground Instructors: The Flight Instructors give training to the Pilots on some systems and are mainly with engineering background. On the other hand, the Ground Instructors are from operations background.  Fli8ght Instructors are usually senior Pilots who are employed within the airline.  They usually perform line duties as they are not released due to shortage of pilots.  Flight Dispatchers: Flight Dispatchers are those people who give a briefing to the Pilots before a flight on the weather, flight path and optimizing the flight.  Factor Facilitators:  The Factor Facilitators give training to the cockpit and cabin crew on resource management. They also undertake joint sessions of cabin crew, engineers and cockpit crew on working together.  Aviation Psychologists: The Aviation Psychologists asses the attitudes of the Pilots through psychometric tests.  They also guide the young cabin crew to overcome the problems faced by them at their job.  Aviation Doctors:  The Aviation Doctors conduct a rigorous medical check-up of the Pilots and other employees as per the norms of Aviation Medicine and the Central Medicine Establishment, both run by the Air Force.  The airlines have to look their slots months in advance due to high rush of employees from different airlines.  Prospects:  With the privatization and foreign collaboration increasing every day, the future is very bright in Aviation sector. Most airline offices are looking to increasing their fleet and this itself is opening avenues for the aspirants. Kingfisher, which is expanding its fleet three times, will require 3,500 Cabin Crew (from 950 today), 1,500 Engineers (800) and 1,000 Pilots (397).  By the end of 2007,the airline will add 1,200 Cabin Crew, 700 Ground Staff and 250 Pilots.  This is the requirement of only one airline, where as all the other other major in this field have aggressive plans to expand their business.  The while-collar jobs on the ground, airport and custom services-people who do check-in, ticketing, etc., are also on the rise.  After acquiring Air Sahara, Jet Airways has 11,000 people as its employees whereas Sahara (renamed JetLite) ahs 4,000 people. Kingfisher has also hired 48 engineers for wide body aircrafts and is looking for having pilots and engineers for its international foray. Thus, there is a great scope in Aviation sector for various job aspirants if one has the right direction to move ahead and fly in the air.
  Indicative Alphabetical List of PILOT/CO-PILOT Training Institutes
  • American Flyers (India) Pvt Ltd. 37 Virwani Industrial Estate, Western Express Highway, Goregaon, Mumbai-400063 (Maharastra).

  • Amritsar Aviation Club, P.O. Rajasansi, Amritsar Aerodrome, Amritsar (Punjab).

  • Assam Flying Club, Guwahati Airport,Guwahati-781007 (Assam).

  • Bihar Flying Institute, Civil Aerodrome, Patna (Bihar).

  • Bombay Flying Club, Juhu Aerodrome, Santa Cruz (West) Mumbai-400049 (Maharastra).

  • Carg Aviations Limited, Hangar No.3, Civil Aerodrome, Kanpur (U.P.).

  • Delhi Flying Club Ltd, Safdarjung Airport, New Delhi-110003.

  • Flying Club, Civil Aerodrome, Indore (M.P.).
  • Government Aviation Training Institute, Civil Aerodrome, Bhubaneswar (Orissa).
  • Government Flying Club, Aerodrome, Faizabad (U.P.).
  • Gujarat Flying Club, Civil Aerodrome, Hasni Road, Vadodara-390006 (Gujarat).
  • Hissar Aviation Club, Textile Road, Sirsa Bypass, Hissar (Haryana).
  • Karnal Aviation Club, Kunjpura Road, Karnal,  Haryana.
  • Ludhiana Aviation Club, Civil Aerodrome, P.O. Sahnewal, Ludhiana (Punjab).
  • M.P. Flying Club, Bhopal Civil Aerodrome, Bhopal (M.P.).
  • Nagpur Flying Club, Sonegaon Aerodrome, Nagpur (Maharastra).
  • Northern India Flying School, Jalandhar Cantonment-144005, Punjab.
  • Patiala Aviation Club, Patiala-147001,Punjab.
  • Rajasthan State Flying School, Sanganer Airport, Jaipur (Rajasthan).
  • Tata Nagar Aviation Private Limited, 2 North East Circuit House Area, Jamshedpur-831001 (Jarkhand).

  Indicative Alphabetical List of AIR HOSTESS Training Institutes
  • Air Hostess Academy (AHA), C-33, Amar Colony Market, Lajpat Nagar-IV, New Delhi-110024, Ph.011-6222624, 6222720, 62223974.
  • Aptima Air Hostess Academy, J1/164, Rajouri Garden, New Delhi-110027.
  • Flyers Inc. 33,Jangpura Road, New Delhi-110014.
  • Frankfinn Management Consultants (FMC), 721, Suneja Tower-II, District Centre, Janakpuri, New Delhi -11058.

  • Free Bird Aviation & Management Services,TC-41/2454, Mancaud, Thiruvananthapuram-9, Kerala.

  • Pacific Airways, Pocket GH-6/35, Paschim Vihar, New Delhi-110087.

  • Royal Academy,1/4, East Patel Nagar, New Delhi-110008, Tel.Ph. 011-5731030/31, email: web site: 

  Indicative Alphabetical List of AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE ENGINEERING Institutes
  • Bharat Institute of Aeronautics, Patna Airport, Patna-800014,Bihar.
  • Hindustan Institute of Aeronautics, 5,Temple View (Near Neori Mandir), Lalghati,Bhopal-462332, (Madhya Pradesh).

  • Indian Institute of Aeronautical Science, P-254, Jessore Road, Michael Nagar, Kolkata-743296, West Bengal.

  • Indian Institute of Aeronautical Science, Sonari Aerodrome, Jamshedpur-831011, Jharkhand.

  • Indian Institute of Aeronautical Science, House No.55, Punjabi Bagh (West) New Delhi-110026.

  Asiatic International Aviation Academy: The Institute is situated in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, is affiliated to the Philippines Pilot Training Centre, & Asian Aerospace College "Colombo" in which Pilot Training, Aircraft  Maintenance (AME), International Air Lines Management, Flight Radio Officers, Air Hostess (Cabin Crew) etc, are held. For admission in Asiatic International Aviation Academy entrance examination is held 4 times a year in which through aptitude test and medical tests are carried out just to find out whether a Trainee Pilot is suitable for Airlines or not.  The minimum eligibilities are Passed 10th standard and age 17 years.  All the courses are completed in different phases.  The first phase of Pilot training is completed in one to two weeks, which is at Indore, Centre of Academy.  For this AsiaticAir has also has a high level group of Airline professionals, who include foreign trained Pilots and Airhostess. AsiaticAir conducts all its Flight Training in abroad to ensure the state of the art Flight Training.  AsiaticAir is fully equipped with modern audio-visual and flight simulators all the basic facilities are provided by the organization i.e., accommodation and transpiration.  The staff of AsiaticAir is ready to help the Pilot trainees. Many Pilots of these Academies are flying in different Airlines.  To ensure the International standard of the training. AsiaticAir is associated with many Aviation leaders like International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).   AirDeccan, Kingfisher Airlines & SpiceJet. All Asiatians get discount on these 3 Airlines through out their Training period.  Any inquiries about Airlines Training can be provided by the admission department of AsiaticAir.  The set of Enrollment form in available for Rs.800/-.  For further details please Visit  --     (Courtesy: Competition Success Review)  
   Group Discussion AN OVERVIEW
  GD has its own importance in the various admission procedures for highly reputed management institutes. Besides it also plays a major role in the recruiting process for the various administrative and high level posts in MNCs.


GD generally consists of 7 to 10 candidates with roll/chest numbers. The candidates are seated in a closed circle in the sequence of roll/chest numbers. No one is designated as leader, president, chairman or speaker. After announcing the subject and launching the group on its task, the examiner retires to the background. He does not intervene or take any further part in the group's deliberations. The time limit given for completion of discussion by the group is generally 30 minutes. Once the GD starts, the candidates hold cross-talks continuously.


  1. One week before the GD, you must go through the current news/topics which is very helpful to pick up the right thought.
  2. First of all make the right views related to the topic and keep it in mind for right approach.
  3. Even if starting the discussion bring you the notice of the examiner, it can be a plus point for you if you don't start the discussion first because this gives you the sufficient time to pickup the line.
  4. Listen carefully the views of other's. Its better to be silent instead of giving a wrong statement.
  5. Try to display original ideas and faced the challenge with assurance and determination.
  6. Speak clearly revealing good command over the language. Make sure you are audible.
  7. Always gives chance and support to others.
  8. Don't loose your patience. Be calm.
  9. Don't create controversies and quarrels with others.
  10. Always gives your arguments logically and rationally giving emphasis on important points to clinch the issue.
  11. Adopt a mature and scientific approach.
  12. Be persuasive and convince others trying to win them over by way of thinking.
  13. Don't be confused and timid. It shows your lack of confidence.
  14. Don't be emotional or display unsteady behaviour.


  Personality Development

To function as an effective and capable leader a strong, forceful, favourable and successful personality is required. Personality is made up of several factors, essentially it depends on how the individual reacts to the situation and people and what impressions and impact he creates on others during and after the process. If you are serious about your personality and carefully avoid some mistakes, you can develope and acquire a successful personality. Here are some tips which helps to improve the personality :


In personal appearance, dress constitutes a vital part. It doesn't need to be brand new but should be clean, neat and well fitting. For an interview one should dress formally.


Dress includes our footwear also, which should be well polished, neat and clean.


Another important factor in personality development is 'Personal Hygiene'. For improve our personal hygiene teeth should be clean. No foul smell should emanate from mouth, body or clothes. If you use any kind of perfume, it should not be too strong. Make sure that your nails are clean.


Carry yourself gracefully. You should stand straight and walk briskly with confident steps. Shoulders should be pulled up and head held erect. Sit with straight back in a relaxed manner while taking the seat. Handshake must be warm, hearty and good grip. Greet others nicely in a proper way. Always make eye to eye contact while talking to others because eyes reflect the feelings of the heart.


Your voice and choice of words also play a vital role to improve the personality. Voice must be firm, crisp and ringing.


Always appear energetic, active and keen. Show enthusiasm, urge and interest towards the other person.

> Always be self-confident and optimistic.

Maintain a proper distance while talking to an unrecognized person.

> Always remember, first impression is the last impression.
  Before appearing for the interview make sure you are well prepared so that you are relaxed at the time you walk in the door. Your winning resume has already given you entry to the potential employer's firm. But do remember that it has also given some kind of information and impression about you on the interviewer. He has read your resume and is expected to ask questions based on the hard facts stated in your resume. The sure way to be successful in the interview is to be prepared. Follow the given tips before and during the interview.
  • Know how to keep yourself calm and relaxed. The best way to do this is to be prepared! Prepare the commonly asked interview questions and know your answers to them.
  • Do not forget to research the company.
  • If possible, research the interviewer.
  • Know what kind of interview to expect—a intensive interview, a extensive interview....
  • Know your wants and expectations. Be clear why you want the job.
  • Be able to express, specifically what you can offer the organization.
  • Do not get upset if you are asked some illegal question during the interview. It won't help your cause.
  • Prepare questions you wish to ask at the end of the interview—choose to ask only thoses questions you can't find answers to yourself.
  • Line up your references in advance and verify that they will be good ones.
  Ever wished you could know questions before the examination? Here are a few commonly asked questions in all interviews. Prepare yourself well to answer these questions before going for the interview.
1) Tell us something about yourself - The interviewer is not interested in your personal details. He wants to know how confident you are and how your background and interests help you to develop as a better human being. 
2) What do your friends say are your good & bad points? - Do not try to boast yourself or show that you have a bad self-esteem. You should give a balanced answer. The personal qualities you state should be of use to the company and in accordance to your proposed job profile. The interviewer wants to see whether you are aware of your weaknesses. The negative traits you mention should be those on which you can work upon and improve. Tell the interviewer how you have put in efforts to overcome your negative points in your past. 
3) What makes you different from other candidates for this job? OR Why should we hire you? - Do take sometime before answering the question. Think of your skills and knowledge that might be beneficial to the company. Highlight your attitude to show how you can be different from the rest of the candidates. 
4) What is your greatest weakness? - Your weakness should not in any way throw a bad light on your overall personality or character.
5) Describe your most challenging experience. - The experience can be either in personal life or your professional life. But keep in mind that whatever you learnt from that experience should be of great value in your professional front as well. 
6) What did you dislike most about your last job? - Do not ever say that you found your job boring or criticize the responsibilities you had. An answer expressing that the lack of new challenges made you give the job up, might be more suitable.
7) Why are you looking for a new job or why did you leave your old one? - In answer to this question you have to present your picture as that of an enterprising person, who is always looking for new challenges and opportunities to grow. If you are leaving your job because of some problems in your present office, do not let them show in your answer. It will throw a bad light on your working attitude. 

1) What do you think it takes to be successful in this field?
2) What will be the reasons for you to leave this job in future?
3) What are your goals, where would you like to be in five years?
4) What is "success" for you? Will you describe as successful?
5) Would you like to ask something?

  Once you have prepared yourself for the questions expected in the interview, take good care about your appearance. The way you present yourself is as important as answering the questions well. Take care of the following points to give the best impression on the interviewer.
  1. Dress professionally. It's preferable to dress on the conservative side.
  2. Always arrive a few minutes early.
  3. A firm handshake and constant eye contact shows you are confident and calm.
  4. Know your interviewer's full name and title. Pronounce his/her name correctly.
  5. Be polite to everyone.
  6. Never chew, smoke or swear.
  7. Do not simply answer in "yes" or "no'. Give complete answers to the questions asked. Do not use slangs or talk unnecessarily.
  8. Do not hesitate to ask for clarification before answering a question.
  9. Do not rush to answer the question straight away. Take some time to think and formulate the answers.
  10. Do not speak too fast.
  11. Answer the questions honestly, but make sure they are answered in a positive light.
  12. Never bad mouth about the previous employer/s.
  13. Do not forget to say "Thank You" at the end of the interview.

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